Microsoft have released six versions of SharePoint (On Premise) with differentiated enhancements and features.
|Year||Core infastructure||SharePoint Version|
|2001||SharePoint Team Services||SharePoint Portal Server 2001|
|2003||Windows SharePoint Services 2.0||Microsoft SharePoint Portal Server 2003|
|2007||Windows SharePoint Services 3.0||Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007|
|2010||Microsoft SharePoint Foundation 2010||Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010|
|2013||Microsoft SharePoint Foundation 2013||Microsoft SharePoint Server 2013|
|2016||Not distribute separately and compatible with Foundation 2013||Microsoft SharePoint Server 2016|
SharePoint 2001 was the first version which only capable of perform data driven actions such as sites, list, document libraries. This was build on top of SQL Server database.
SharePoint 2003 was first version which built on .NET framework and ASP.NET and first which enabled developers to developers add custom solutions.
SharePoint 2007 introduced site columns, content types, features, master pages, user controls, navigation, authentication and which architectural changes.
SharePoint 2013, introduced with further user experience. This is the last version which supported with InfoPath forms. Parallel to this, Microsoft Introduced the online (cloud) version of the SharePoint.
SharePoint 2016, additional features with more responsive and better user experience. Microsoft Flow, Power Apps, more document management features, business intelligence features and etc introduced herewith.